Competition Terms

Competition Terms

  • Taikai – tournament 
  • Shinpan – judge or referee 
  • Yobidachi – match official who calls the competitors to the shiaijo 
  • Shiai – fighting competition 
  • Aka – red 
  • Shiro – white 
  • Senpou – the first competitor on a team 
  • Chuuken – the middle competitor on a team 
  • Taishou – the last competitor/captain on a team 
  • Ippon – a valid point 
  • Men ari – a valid men point was scored 
  • Hansoku – a foul 
  • Hansoku ikkai – first foul committed 
  • Hansoku nikkai: ippon ari – second foul committed: a point has been awarded to the other competitor –  
  • Enchou – overtime 
  • Shobu ari – the match is over 
  • Hantei – judge’s decision 
  • Hikiwake –  a draw 

Credit: Thanks to Yuki Nishimura for providing her voice for the pronunciation audio.