Vocab Page

Key words from practice to remember:

  • arigatou gozaimashita – Thank you very much. Said after every exercise with a partner and also at the end of class, thanking everyone for practice.
  • onegaishimasu – said at the beginning of class, asking for a good practice from everyone.
  • shizentai – natural standing position
  • chudan no kamae – basic guard
  • hasso no kamae – one of the five kamae (stances)
  • jogeburi – basic swing exercise. Swinging the naginata straight up and straight down.
  • hajime– start
  • yame– stop


  • okuriashi – sliding forward with your front foot first, followed by your back foot catching up
  • ayumiashi – taking normal walking distance steps while crossing your feet (typically four steps), staying in side profile
  • sugiashi – a small hop, first bringing your back foot forwards to meet your front foot
  • mae – forward
  • ato – backward
  • migi – right. (migi ni hirake- step to the right)
  • hidari – left. (hidari ni hirake- step to the left)

ex: ayumiashi ato– four steps backwards, sugiashi mae– a small hop forwards

Basic Strikes

  • (furiage) men– overhead strike to the head (men)
  • furiage sune– overhead strike to the shin (sune)
  • sokumen– a strike to the head from hasso no kamae
  • (hasso) sune– a strike to the shin from hasso no kamae
  • sayu – both sides.  (ex: sayu men – striking men twice in a row from hasso i.e. both sides)

Below is a video of a corner kihon exercise from the 2014 All Japan Men’s Championship. They do an exercise called happoburi for the first two and a half minutes of the clip (you can see jogeburi from 0:28-0:47), and then start footwork and strikes at 2:28. The calls are the same as above, though a couple more advanced strikes are used in this video.

Credit: Thanks to Yuki Nishimura for providing her voice for the pronounciation audio.